Iran (pronounced ee-RAHN), formerly known as Persia and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran
IRAN it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world.
Iran is located in south-western Asia and borders Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan, as well as the Caspian Sea to the north, Turkey and Iraq to the west, the Persian Gulf and the Oman Gulf to the south and Pakistan and Afghanistan to the east.
Tehran as capital city is leading economic and cultural center.
As you know Traveling is one of the greatest ways to find out more about unknown places, specially travelling to foreign countries. Curiosity to see new places and getting familiar with culture and ethnicity of people who live far away, and special character of some lands could be very interesting.
The economy of Iran is a mixed with a large public segment. It is the world's eighteenth largest by purchasing power parity .Some 60% of the economy is centrally planned. It is dominated by oil and gas production, although over 40 industries are frankly involved in the Tehran Stock Exchange, one of the best performing exchanges in the world over the past decade. With 10% of the world's proven oil assets and 15% of its gas reserves, Iran is considered an "energy superpower.
Iran’s Natural Resources,
The pistachio is one of the essential natural agricultural resources in Iran since it employs more than 350,000 individuals. In Iran, pistachio is most commonly grown in the southeastern edge of the country around oases. Iran is one of the most productive producers of pistachio nuts in the world and it exports more pistachios than any other nation in the world. In 2008, the value of Iran's Pistachio exports was estimated to be $840 million which contributed significantly to the Iranian economy, Iran already controlled close to 50% of the international pistachio market.
Saffron is also one of the most important natural agricultural resources in Iran which is mainly grown in the northeastern section of the county. Iran's saffron sold to variety of nations such as the United Arab Emirates, Spain, and France . The province of Khorasan has a large portion of the saffron grown in Iran. In 2010, the province's saffron production was estimated to be worth $156.5 million. In 2010, Khorasan saffron was exported to more than 40 countries around the world.
Fruits are most important agricultural resources in Iran, and the nation is the most significant producer of fruits among the countries in the Middle East and North African region. Globally, the nation of Iran has been previously ranked as the eighth highest fruit producer in the world. In the production of pomegranates, Iran ranks first in the world also dates are rank second in the world. Several fruits trace their origin to Iran such as the muskmelons, pomegranates, limes, and the Persian walnuts.
Iran also has massive reserves of natural gas. Iran's reserves are some of the largest in the world as they account for close to 18% of the world's total. The only nation with larger gas reserves than Iran is Russia. In 2011, the Iranian petroleum minister released a report indicating that Iran's reserves of natural gas had increased significantly due to the discovery of gas reserves within the Caspian Sea. Iran is currently exploiting a limited amount of its natural gas reserves, and on average it exploits 5.5 trillion cubic feet annually.
Due to the vast quantities of crude oil reserves within Iran, the nation is considered an energy superpower. According to official records from the Iranian government, in 2006, the crude oil reserves in the nation were estimated to be 132.5 billion barrels. At the time, Iran's reserves were estimated to be 15% of the total reserves of all the members of the organization of petroleum exporting countries. In comparison to the rest of the world, Iran's 2006 oil reserves were approximately 11.4% of the global reserves. After the discovery of oil reserves around the town of Bushehr, the oil reserves in Iran increased by roughly 32%. According to the International Monetary Fund, the monetary value of Iran's oil reserves was estimated to be $10 trillion.
Last but not least Iran has a wide variety of sites that are extremely popular due to their beauty. The natural beauty of Iran attracts huge numbers of tourists each year, but due to security concerns, the number of tourists visiting the nation declined sharply. Some of the most popular tourist attraction sites are the beaches along the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf. The Iranian government has put in place some measures to increase the number of tourists visiting the nation.
The term Persian cuisine is also used due to the fact that Iran is also known as Persia, even though the ethnic Persians are only one of Iran's native ethnic groups that have contributed to the culinary culture.
Iran's culinary ethnicity has traditionally interacted with the cuisines of the neighboring regions, including Caucasian cuisine, Turkish cuisine, Levantine cuisine, Greek cuisine, Central Asian cuisine, and Russian cuisine. Through the Persianized Central Asian Mughal dynasty, aspects of Iranian cuisine were also adopted into cuisine and Pakistani cuisines.
Normally Iranian main course are combination of rice with meat, vegetables, and nuts. Spices are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranates, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins .Iranian flavorings such as saffron, dried lime and other sources of sour flavoring, cinnamon, turmeric, and parsley are varied and used in assorted dishes.